Brook trout fishing is a popular sport in the Northeastern United States, but it can be challenging for newcomers to get started. This article will answer some of the most common questions about brook trout fishing and provide useful tips on how to catch them. Read on to learn more!
What is brook trout fishing?
Brook trout are the most common variety of trout found in North America. They can be found throughout Canada, and many parts of the United States.
Brook trout habitat requirements
Brook trout are typically found in running water, including creeks and brooks. Brookies prefer clear waters with sandy or rocky bottoms. They can also be found in lakes that have an abundance of aquatic vegetation such as algae or pondweed to spawn among.
Brook trout spawning season
Brook trout spawn a few weeks after ice-out, which usually occurs in late March or early April. Brookies are one of the first species to venture out onto open water to spawn.
Brook trout facts
- Brook trout spawn in the water from late March to early April
- The brookie is closely related to the brown trout and has been around since the 1800s when they were introduced into New England streams by European settlers.
- Brookies can be found at many different depths of a body of water, but are most common near the shoreline.
- Brook trout have a lifespan of about 12 years.
How to catch brook trout
Brook trout can be caught in many places, but they are most common near the shoreline.
To catch brookies fishing from a boat or dock, use spinners and spoons for best results. Use bait if you’re going to fish from the bank of a lake.
Catching Brook Trout:
- Try using live bait such as nightcrawlers or worms.
- If you’re fishing from shore, use a bobber and bait to catch them with ease.
- Brook trout are usually found deep in the water so make sure you have a sturdy trout rod that can reach down into the deeper parts of the lake.
- Trout love fly dressing such as shrimp patterns because they’re often found near the surface of lakes or rivers.
- Try using a fly rod with an artificial lure for best results.
- If you want to catch them from shore, cast your line and wait patiently as they swim by. When you feel tension on the line reel it in quickly before the fish has time to get away!
Best places to fish brook trout
Brook trout fishing is popular in many lakes, rivers and streams across the country. You’ll find them mostly in cold water environments so they’re sometimes called “coldwater fish.” They live near shorelines or deep underwater throughout some of these bodies of water but typically reside closer to the surface than other types such as walleye.
Where is the best brook trout fishing?
- Algonquin park
Brook trout fly fishing
Brook trout are usually caught in the cooler months of spring, summer, and fall. They’re found inland near lakes or ponds that feed into streams or rivers. Trout fishing is a favorite pastime for many anglers, and it’s an activity you can enjoy with friends and family alike!
To get started brook trout fishing, you’ll need the right gear. Anglers typically use a fly rod and reel combo with an appropriate fly line to catch brook trout. Rods that are tailored for trout fishing are lightweight with high sensitivity which makes it easier to detect when a fish takes your bait or lure. A good starter kit includes everything from waders to sunglasses, though you’ll want to consider what you’re fishing for as well.
State record brook trout
The state record Brook Trout was caught in Northern Wisconsin by Dave Nesbitt and weighed 19 lbs. 12 ozs., which is a lot of fish! It would be hard to find any trout that size at one time, but if you do see them out there take note – those are world-class brookies!
Colorado state record
The Colorado state record brook trout was caught in the Arkansas River by Terrence A. Haby on July 14, 1962 and weighed just over 18 pounds! What a fish… Check out our guide below to learn how you can catch one of these giants yourself.
Maine state record
The Maine state record brook trout, caught in 1912 by fisherman Fred J. Lambert, weighed over 21 pounds and was 45 inches long! Not only is this a massive fish but it also makes the fishing regulations for brook trout seem laughable at best – The current minimum legal size of brook trout in Maine is 12 inches with no maximum length limit.
Michigan state record
The Michigan state record brook trout weighed 16 pounds and measured 35 inches. It was caught in the West Branch of the Au Sable River on November 21, 1929 by George Haldeman. The river is a tributary to Lake Huron, which makes it one of the bigger lakes for brook trout fishing in Michigan.
Montana state record
The Montana state record brook trout weighed 15 pounds and measured 34.75 inches. It was caught on June 20, 1957 by Arthur Jens in the Big Hole River, which is a tributary to Beaverhead River that flows into Jefferson Lake from southwestern Montana.
Pennsylvania state record
The Pennsylvania State Record brook trout weight was caught in the late 1800s from a stream now known as Bald Eagle Creek. The fish weighed around 27 pounds, and is believed to be one of only three that have been caught since records began.
Wisconsin state record
The Wisconsin state record brook trout is a whopping 16 inches long and was caught in the Upper Waupaca River. This fish has been certified by the International Game Fish Association as well, so it must be true!
Brook trout vs brown trout
Many people mistakenly assume that brook trout and brown trout are the same fish. This is not true! Brookies have a green or gray back, with dark spots on their belly. Brown trout have orange lines along their side, called parr marks (which they lose as adults). These two species look so different from one another because of where they live – brook trout prefer cold, clear streams while browns like warm water at higher elevations.
- While both types can be found in North America and Europe, brooks typically stay in smaller waters than browns do; this leaves them more vulnerable to fishing pressure
- The best ways to tell these two apart: Look for the coloration difference between their backs versus bellies, the number of spots on their belly is different for brooks versus browns
- Brooks are born in freshwater and live there year round; they migrate downstream as adults to spawn. Brown trout spend a lot of time at sea before returning to freshwater.
1) Brook trout can grow up to a weight of about 12 pounds. The average size, however, is around five pounds as adults.
2) Most brook trout are smaller than 25 inches in length and the largest reported catch was 37 inches long with a weight of 11 lbs., 13 ounces.
1) Brook trout usually live about five years in the wild. In captivity, they can live up to 15 or 16 years.
2) The average size of a brook trout is 12 inches long and three pounds.
3) They are predators that eat mostly insects, crustaceans such as crayfish and aquatic invertebrates like freshwater shrimp and worms; they also will feed on small fish, minnows and salamanders.
1) The size of the hook is determined by the weight and type of bait. For example, trout in streams are more likely to take larger baits than those in lakes or ponds; likewise, those that live deep under a landslide will require large hooks because they usually feed on small prey near the bottom.
2) To catch brook trout with spinning tackle use light line (such as six pound test) and just about any size hook between 12s (size 12 treble hooks) up to 16s depending on what you think could work best for your location.
To be successful brook trout anglers, it’s important to know the temperature range of these fish. Brookies are cold water fish and typically inhabit the same waters as brown trout. The optimal temperature for a brownie is around 40 degrees Fahrenheit or below while most brook trout can live in temperatures up to 60 degrees Fahrenheit with an upper limit of 68 degrees Fahrenheit. So if you’re fishing in warmer climates like Florida where many people go to escape colder weather conditions during winter months, take note that this will not bode well for your odds at catching brookies!